Appearance: 19-24" (48-61 cm) 35-55 lb (16-25 kg) Short to medium-length straight outercoat. Straight, short flat-lying undercoat. Slight ruff. Sand to red-brown, white, black or spotted. May have mask.
Highly intelligent and trainable, the Canaan Dog is quite versatile to different situations. Because of his long history as a feral dog, he tends to be somewhat independent and wary of strangers, barking to warn his family of danger. However, he is devoted to his people and loves to play. He thrives on having a job to do and is a fun, loving companion.
An ancient breed, the Canaan Dog is the product of natural selection rather than human intervention. There is evidence that the breed existed in pre-Biblical times. When the Jews were dispersed from their homeland the dogs remained, reverting to a wild and feral state until the 1930s. When Dr. Rudolphina Menzel was asked to develop a dog to guard the kibbutz, she selected native wild dogs of a “collie type”, tamed them and created the Canaan Dog. The breed proved highly intelligent and versatile, and was used as a mine detection, sentry and messenger dog in the Second World War. Canaan Dogs were first brought to North America in the late 1960s.
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